Course and Course Descriptions of B. Sc. Program

PHYS 101   General Physics I(2+2) 3 / 6 ECTS 
PHYS 111    General Physics Laboratory I(0+2) 1 / 2 ECTS 
CHEM 121   General Chemistry I(3+0) 3 / 5 ECTS 
CHEM 141   General Chemistry Laboratory I(0+2) 1 / 2 ECTS 
MATH 141   Basic Calculus I(3+2) 4 / 5 ECTS 
ENG 101       Development of Reading and Writing Skills I(3+0) 3 / 3 ECTS 
PHOT 100    Introduction to Photonics(3+0) 3 / 7 ECTS 
PHYS 102    General Physics II(2+2) 3 / 6 ECTS 
PHYS 112     General Physics Laboratory II  (0+2) 1 / 2 ECTS 
CHEM 122    General Chemistry II(3+0) 3 / 5 ECTS 
CHEM 142    General Chemistry Laboratory II(0+2) 1 / 2 ECTS 
MATH 142    Basic Calculus II (3+2) 4 / 6 ECTS 
ENG 102        Development of Reading and Writing Skills II(3+0) 3 / 3 ECTS 
PHOT 110      Introduction to Programming(2+2) 3 / 7 ECTS 
TURK 201     Turkish Language I(2+0) NC / 2 ECTS 
HIST 201       Principles of Atatürk I(2+0) NC / 2 ECTS 
MATH 255    Differential Equations(4+0) 4 / 6 ECTS 
PHOT 231      Mathematical Methods in Photonics I(3+0) 3 / 5 ECTS 
PHOT 201      Fundamentals of Optics and Photonics I(4+0) 4 / 7 ECTS 
PHOT 211   Fundamentals of Optics and Photonics Laboratory I(0+4) 2 / 6 ECTS 
TURK 202    Turkish Language II (2+0) NC / 2 ECTS 
HIST 202      Principles of Atatürk II(2+0) NC / 2 ECTS 
PHOT 222    Fundamentals of Quantum Photonics(3+2) 4 / 7 ECTS 
PHOT 232    Mathematical Methods in Photonics II(3+0) 3 / 5 ECTS 
PHOT 202    Fundamentals of Optics and Photonics II(4+0) 4 / 7 ECTS 
PHOT 212    Fundamentals of Optics and Photonics Laboratory II(0+4) 2 / 6 ECTS 
PHOT 301    Quantum Photonics(3+2) 4 / 6 ECTS 
PHOT 311     Electrodynamics I(3+0) 4 / 5 ECTS 
PHOT 331     Molecular Photonics I(3+0) 3 / 5 ECTS 
ENG 301        Technical Writing and Communication(3+0) 3 / 3 ECTS 
PHOT 321     Electronic Circuits(3+2) 4 / 7 ECTS 
PHOT 304     Solid State Optics(3+0) 3 / 5 ECTS 
PHOT 312      Electrodynamics II(3+0) 3 / 5 ECTS 
PHOT 320     Optoelectronics(3+0) 3 / 5 ECTS 
PHOT 322     Optoelectronics Laboratory(0+4) 2 / 5 ECTS 
PHOT 332     Molecular Photonics II(4+0) 4 / 7 ECTSPrerequisites:
CHEM 121, CHEM 122
PHOT 411      Numerical Methods in Photonics(2+2) 3 / 6 ECTS 
PHOT 421      Introduction to Lasers(3+0) 3 / 5 ECTS 
PHOT 431      Modern Methods in Spectroscopy(3+0) 3 / 5 ECTSPrerequisite: PHOT 222
PHOT 400     Summer InternshipNC / 8 ECTS 
PHOT 412      Introduction to Biophotonics(3+0) 3 / 5 ECTS 
PHOT 422      Nanophotonics(3+0) 3 / 5 ECTSPrerequisite: PHOT 222
PHOT 498      Graduation Project(0+4) 2 /12 ECTS 
Technical Elective Courses  
PHOT 441      Organic Materials in Photonic Applications(3+0) 3 / 5 ECTS 
PHOT 442      Plasmonics(3+0) 3 / 5 ECTS 
PHOT 443      Nanofabrication Techniques for Photonics(3+0) 3 / 5 ECTS 
PHOT 444      Photonics in Nanotechnologic Energy Applications(3+0) 3 / 5 ECTS 
PHOT 445      Introduction to Quantum Optics(3+0) 3 / 5 ECTS 
PHOT 446      Atom Optics(3+0) 3 / 5 ECTS 
PHOT 447      Optical MEMS(3+0) 3 / 5 ECTS 
PHOT 448      Silicon Photonics(3+0) 3 / 5 ECTS 
PHOT 449      Density Functional Theory for Photonics I(3+0) 3 / 5 ECTS 
PHOT 490      Research Project(3+0) 3 / 5 ECTS 

Total credit (min.)                              : 132 / 247 AKTS


Course Descriptions


PHYS 101      General Physics I                 (2+2)3                          ECTS 6

Physical quantities, their units and measurement, Vectors, Motion in one, two and three dimensions, Newton s laws of motion and their applications; Circular motion, friction forces and drag; Work and energy; Conservation of energy and its applications; Conservation of Momentum and its applications; Systems in equilibrium; Simple Harmonic Motion; Newton s law of Gravitation

PHYS 102      General Physics II               (2+2)3                                       ECTS 6

The course covers electricity, including: charge, electrostatics, Gauss law, electric field, electric potential, simple circuits, and electric currents and magnetic fields including: magnetic forces, induction, electromagnetic radiation, Ampere’s law, Faraday’s law and the origins of electromagnetic waves.

PHYS 111      General Physics Laboratory I                    (0+2)1                     ECTS 2

Motion in one-two dimensions, Newton s laws, measurement of the gravitational acceleration due to earth, conservation of Mechanical Energy, conservation of momentum, rotational motion and conservation angular momentum

PHYS 112      General Physics Laboratory II                  (0+2)1                     ECTS 2

This course provides an introduction to the methods of experimental physics. Particular emphasis is placed on aspects of experimentation: laboratory technique, including both the execution and the documentation of an experiment; data analysis, including the systematic errors; and written communication of experimental procedures and results. The concepts and skills for measurement and data analysis are acquired gradually through a series of experiments covering a range of topics from electrostatics to magnetic fields.

CHEM 121    General Chemistry I          (3+0)3            ECTS 5

Atoms and atomic theory, mole concept, nomenclature, chemical reactions, aqueous solutions, gases and properties, thermochemistry, electrons in atoms

CHEM 122    General Chemistry II          (3+0)3               ECTS 5

Chemical bonding, Liquids Solids and Intermolecular forces, Solutions and their physical properties, Chemical kinetics, Chemical equilibrium.

CHEM 141    General Chemistry Laboratory I    (0+2)1            ECTS 2

Measurement and density, Stoichiometry of a reaction, titration of acids and bases, oxidaton-reduction reaction, gas analysis based on molar volume, termochemistry, precipitation reaction, gravimetric and volumetric analysis.

CHEM 142    General Chemistry Laboratory II      (0+2)1        ECTS 2

Determination of water hardness,soap synthesis, steam distillation, Molecular weigth determination, kintic study of reaction between ferric and iodide ions, Chemical equilibrium, weak acids weak bases and their salts, An investigation of voltaic cells

MATH 141    Basic Calculus I            (3+2)4       ECTS 5

Functions, Limits and continuity, Derivatives, Extreme values, the Mean Value Theorem and its applications, Graphing. Integration, Fundamental theorem of Calculus, L’Hopital’s Rule, Techniques of integration, Area between two curves.

MATH 142    Basic Calculus II               (3+2)4        ECTS 6

Integration Techniques, Improper Integrals; Tests for Convergence, Sequences and Infinite series; Tests for Convergence, Polar Coordinates, Multivariable Functions and Their Derivatives, Double integral, Double Integral in Polar Coordinates.

 MATH 255    Differential Equations         (4+0)4                 ECTS 6

First order equations and various applications. Higher order linear differential equations. Power series solutions: ordinary and regular singular points. The Laplace transform: solution of initial value problems. Systems of linear differential equations: solutions by operator method, by Laplace transform.

 ENG 101        Development of Reading and Writing Skills I      (3+0)3       ECTS 3

This is a course that aims to develop skills to analyse paragraphs and essays, reading skills and written and spoken communication skills

ENG 102        Development of Reading and Writing Skills II    (3+0)3        ECTS 3

This is a course which aims to equip students with the skills to analyse essays and articles, to write an organized essay and article, to make presentations, to take notes while listening and reading skills, which wll help them in their academic studies.

ENG301         Technical Writing and Communication     (3+0)3          ECTS 3

Introduction to Technical Writing, How to Write the Materials and Methods Section, How to Write the Results, How to Design Effective Tables and Illustrations, How to Write the Introduction, How to Cite the References, Use and Misuse of English. A technical Writing will be assigned to each student.

 PHOT 100     Introduction to Photonics                           ( 3+0)3            ECTS 7

Introduction to photonic materials, devices and systems in the market and literature. What is a photon? What is photonics? How to generate, modify and detect photons, Photonic devices and systems: a brief history, Successful examples from the academia on photonics, Successful examples from academia to market transition, Exemplary products from the contemporary photonics market: local and global.

PHOT 110     Introduction to Programming                    ( 2+2)3            ECTS 7

Introduction to programming and computers; vectors and arrays; execution control; making plots; matrices; numerical methods. Introduction to computers and programs, Algorithms and elemantary programming, Vectors and arrays, Loops and lists, Functions, Conditional programs, File input and output, Plotting: 2-D and 3-D plotting, Principles of problem solving

PHOT 201     Fundamentals of Optics and Photonics I      ( 4+0)4           ECTS 7

Oscillations, simple harmonic motion, damped and forced harmonic motion, pendulums. Waves and particles, sound waves, travelling and standing waves, resonance. Interference of waves. Doppler Effect. Light and images, geometric optics, mirrors, lenses, and optical instruments. Light as a wave, interference, diffraction, and polarization.

PHOT 202     Fundamentals of Optics and Photonics II      ( 4+0)4           ECTS 7

The basic descriptions of light as rays (geometrical optics), waves (physical optics), and photons. Polarization and diffraction of light. Reflection and refraction of light rays and waves from planar and curved surfaces.  Fraunhofer diffraction, Diffraction grating, Fresnel diffraction, Matrix treatment of polarization, Production of polarized light , Matrix methods in paraxial optics, Fourier optics, Theory of multilayer films, Fresnel equations, Nonlinear optics

PHOT 211     Fundamentals of Optics and Photonics Laboratory I     ( 0+4)2          ECTS 6

Light and images, geometric optics, mirrors, lenses, and optical instruments. Light as a wave, interference, diffraction, and polarization. Introduction of instruments and experiment system.  Measuring the focal length of a lens, Youngs double slit interference, Diffraction of a grating, Assembling a microscope

PHOT 212     Fundamentals of Optics and Photonics Laboratory II   ( 0+4)2               ECTS 6

Light and images, geometric optics, mirrors, lenses, and optical instruments. Light as a wave, interference, diffraction, and polarization. Introduction of instruments and experiment system, Assembling a prism based spectrometer, Assembling a diffraction grating based spectrometer, Analysing polarization status of light beams, Diffraction of a grating, Assembling a telescope

PHOT 222     Fundamentals of Quantum Photonics       ( 3+2)4            ECTS 7

Blackbody radiation, Photoelectric effect and atomic spectra; Matter waves and Schrödinger equation; probability and uncertainty; potential barriers; harmonic oscillator; Hydrogen atom; many electron atoms; classical and quantum statistics; an introduction to the quantum physics of solids. Particle properties of waves , Matter waves and uncertainty, Atomic structure and energy levels, Schrödinger’s Equation, Particles in attractive potentials, Harmonic oscillator, Potential barriers and tunneling, Hydrogen atom, Many-electron atoms, Classical and quantum statistics.

PHOT 231     Mathematical Methods in Photonics I      ( 3+0)3            ECTS 5

Differential Vector Operators, Vector Integration, Integral Theorems, Cylindrical and Spherical Polar Coordinates, Linear Vector Spaces, Linear Operators, Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors, Special Functions, Complex Functions, Cauchy’s Theorem, Residue Theorem.

PHOT 232     Mathematical Methods in Photonics II     ( 3+0)3            ECTS 6

Fourier and Laplace Transforms, Legendre Equation, Bessel’s Equation, Hermite’s Equation, Partial Differential Equations, Laplace’s Equation, The Diffusion Equation, The Wave Equation, Boundary Value Problems and Sturm-Liouville Theory, Green’s Functions. Fourier Series, Complex Fourier Series, Fourier Transforms, Parseval’s Theorem, Laplace Transforms, Inverse Laplace Transforms, Power Series Methods, Singular Points, The Method of Frobenius, Legendre’s Equation, Legendre Polynomials, Bessel’s Equation, Hermite’s Equation, Partial Differential Equations, Laplace’s Equation, The Diffusion Equation, The Wave Equation, Boundary Value Problems, Linear Homogeneous Boundary Value Problems, Sturm-Liouville Boundary Value Problems, Self-adjoint Problems, Green’s Functions in Electrodynamics

PHOT 301     Quantum Photonics                                     ( 3+2)4            ECTS 6

Particles as waves, Schrödinger’s equation. Expectations values, operators, eigenvalues, and stationary states. Dirac formalism.  One-dimensional problems. Angular momentum and hydrogen atom.  Spin. Harmonic oscillators and photons. Emission and absorption. Waves and Schrödinger’s equation., Time-dependent Schrödinger’s equation., Functions and operators, Approximation methods, Angular momentum and Hydrogen atom, Methods for one-dimensional problems, Spin, Identical particles, The density matrix, Harmonic oscillators and photons, Stimulated emission, spontaneous emission, and optical absorption

PHOT 304     Solid State Optics                                        ( 3+0)3            ECTS 5

Crystal Structure, Crystal Lattice and Lattice displacement vectors, Primitif cell, Crystal directions and planes, simple crystal structures, primitive cells, Reciprocal lattice, Interatomic bonding Electronic Band Structure, Optical Properties, Propagation of Light in Dense Medium

PHOT 311     Electrodynamics I                                       ( 3+0)3            ECTS 5

Electric Field, Electric potential, Electrostatic energy, Coulomb and Gauss Law, Magetostatic, Biot-Savart and Ampere laws, Maxwell equtions. Fundamental Math for Electromagnetism, Electric Field Electric Potential, Work and Energy in Electrostatics, Electrostatic Properties of Coductors, Electrostatic Properties of Insulators, Potentials, Electric Fields: Fundamentals

Electric Fields in Matter: Electric Displacement, Electric Fields in Matter: Linear Dielectrics

PHOT 312     Electrodynamics II                                      ( 3+0)3            ECTS 5

Magetostatic, Lorentz Force, Biot-Savart and Ampere laws, Maxwell equtions, Vector Potential, Electromagnetic Waves. What Is Magnetism ? Lorentz Force Law, The Biot-Savart Law, Magnetic Vector Potential, Magnetizability, susceptibility, Diamagnetism, Paramagnetism, Ferromagnetism, Magnetic Field inside the Matter, Magnetic Field inside the Nonlinear Media, Electromotive force and Induction, Maxwell’s equations for Magnetic Fields, Electromagnetic waves in vacuum, Electromagnetic waves in matter

PHOT 320     Optoelectronics                                           ( 3+0)3            ECTS 5

Light sources, optical components, elements of solid state physics, junctions, modulation of light, display devices, LEDs, Lasers, photodetectors. Wave nature of light, optical components and light sources, Elements of solid-state physics: important properties of semiconductors, Elements of solid-state physics: transport in semiconductors, The p-n junctions, p-n and p-i-n diode characteristics, Modulation of light, Display devices, LEDs, Lasers, Photodetectors, Solar cells, Fiber optics, Optical communication systems

PHOT 321     Electronic Circuits                                      ( 3+2)4            ECTS 7

Basic circuit elements, circuit analysis techniques, Kirchoff’s current law, Thevenin and Norton Equivalent circuits, Diodes, Bipolar Junction Transistors, Operational Amplifiers. Basic concepts: voltage, current, power, energy, Voltage and Current sources, Ohm’s law, equivalent resistance, Voltage divider and current divider circuits, Kirchoff Current Law. Node voltage and loop current analyses, Norton and Thevenin equivalent circuits, Maximum power transfer, P-N diode and diode circuits: Voltage regulators, Operational Amplifiers and small signal analysis, Inductance and capacitance: mutual coupling, First order RL and RC circuits: time-dependent (step) and steady-state (natural) analyses, RLC Circuits, Common Electronic circuits in photonics: transimpedance amplifier, Common Electronic circuits in photonics: LED and LD drivers

PHOT 322     Optoelectronics Laboratory                       ( 0+3)1            ECTS 5

Laboratory safety, handling and building of optoelectronic circuits and devices. Laboratory safety, Experiment I: coherent and incoherent light sources, Experiment II: determining carrier density and type of semiconductors, Experiment III: L-I-V characteristics of LEDs, Experiment IV: L-I-V characteristics of Laser diodes, Experiment V: Responsivity characteristics of photodetectors, Experiment VI: Solar cell characterization, Experiment VII: Fabrication of a liquid crystal display, Experiment VIII: Characterization of a liquid crystal display,

PHOT 331     Molecular Photonics I                                 ( 3+0)3            ECTS 5

Introduction; The states of matter, Physical state, Force, Energy, Pressure, Temperature, Amount of substance, Extensive and intensive properties, Measures of concentration, Reaction stoichiometry, The properties of gases, Thermodynamics: the first law, Thermodynamics: the Second Law, Physical equilibria, The properties of mixtures, Chemical equilibrium, Chemical kinetics, Solid surfaces, electronic transitions and photophysics; Ultraviolet and visible spectra, Radiative and nonradiative decay, energy and electron transfer processes

PHOT 332     Molecular Photonics II                               ( 4+0)4            ECTS 7

Organic photonic materials general introduction, atoms and molecules, orbitals and covalent bonding, Structural isomerism, nomenclating and alkanes, Alkyl halogenide: substitution and elimination reactions, Alkyl halogenide: substitution and elimination reactions, Alcohols, Eters, epoxides and sulphides, Alkene and alkyne, Aromaticity and benzene: electrophilic aromatic substitution, Aldehydes and ketones, Carboxylic acids, Amines, Free radical reactions, Photochemistry.

PHOT 400     Summer Internship                                      ( 0+0)0            ECTS 8

It requires students to continue their internship in a workplace for 6 weeks (30 working days) in order to gain work experience. In this process, the student makes practical applications, recognizes the general structure of the company and participates in the projects made in that company. In order to successfully complete the internship, students should prepare their reports in accordance with the Internship Guide of IYTE Science Faculty. To be acquainted with the firm, learning about the assignments and responsibilities, Professional experience, Report preparation

PHOT 411     Numerical Methods in Photonics               ( 2+2)3            ECTS 6

Finite-difference time domain method, finite-difference frequency domain method, finite element method, Fourier method, contemporary problems in computational photonics. Optics and electromagnetism, Basic numerical methods, Finite-difference time domain method, Finite-difference frequency domain method, Fourier method, Eigenvalue problems, Finite element method, Softwares for photonics, Special problems

PHOT 412     Introduction to Biophotonics                     ( 3+0)3            ECTS 5

Basics of biology, light-tissue interaction, basics of bioimaging, optical biosensors, photodynamic therapy, tissue engineering with light, bionanophotonics. Basics of biology, Fundamentals of light-tissue interactions, Photobiology, Principles of bioimaging, Bioimaging applications, Optical biosensors: targets, contrast, applications, Photodynamic therapy, Tissue engineering with light, Lasers, Nanotechnology for biophotonics, Biomaterials for photonics

PHOT 421     Introduction to Lasers                                   ( 3+0)3            ECTS 5

Review of beam optics, optical cavities, laser oscillation, lasing action, mode locking, q-switching, continuous beam and pulsed lasers. General Cavity Concepts, Gaussian Beams in Cavities, Cavity Q and Finesse, Photon Lifetime, mode selection, Atomic Radiation, Einstein’s A and B Coefficients, Line Shape, Laser Oscillation and Amplification, Gain and Threshold, Characteristics of Lasers, CW Lasers, Laser Dynamics, Pumping lasers, excitation methods, Rate equations for three and four level systems, Pulsed lasers, Q-switching, Gain-switching, Mode Locking, Saturable Absorbers, Ultrafast lasers

PHOT 422     Nanophotonics                                                 ( 3+0)3            ECTS 5

The basic descriptions of nanophotonics, quantum confined materials, near-field interaction and microscopy, nanocontrol of excitation dynamics. General introduction to plasmonics. Introduction to nanophotonics, Foundations for nanophotonics, Quantum-confined materials, Plasmonics, Nanocontrol of excitation Dynamics, Growth and characterization of nanomaterials

PHOT 431     Modern Techniques in Spectroscopy              ( 3+0)3       ECTS 5

Electromagnetic spectrum material interaction; UV-Vis and emission spectroscopy (UV-Vis, PL, TAS, IPCE, IMPS); Vibrational Spectroscopy (IR and Raman); Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR); Electron Spin Resonance (ESR); X-ray spectroscopy; Electron spectroscopy (XPS and UPS); Mössbauer spectroscopy (gamma ray); Mass spectroscopy; Thermal analysis.

PHOT 499     Graduation Project                                                       ( 0+4)2            ECTS 10

Theoretical and / or experimental research studies within the framework of a research project defined by the related faculty member. Introduction of the research project subjects and selection, Literature search, Initiation of experiments in the laboratory/ Theoretical studying-modelling works, Experiments- Analyses/Modelling design, Submission of preliminary report to the lecturer – discussion of the report, Experiments- Analysis-Interpretation-Discussion, Gathering of all data –Discussion- Interpretation, Submission of first draft report to the lecturer-Refinements, Preparation of final report-Last experiments and preparations, Admission of final report and poster presentations


PHOT 441     Organic Materials in Photonic Applications      ( 3+0)3       ECTS 5

Semiconductor, conductor, insulator definition, Functional groups, Organic semiconductors, classification, Organic semiconductors in light sensing, Organic semiconductors in analyte and biosensing, Organic semiconductors in light production, Organic semiconductors in light manipulation, along with practical examples

PHOT 442     Plasmonics                                                                    (3+0)3    ECTS 5

The basic descriptions of excitaion of surface plasmon polaritons. Plasmonic cavities. Plasmonic band gap formation. Plasmon exciton coupling.

 PHOT 443     Nanofabrication Techniques for Photonics      ( 3+0)3         ECTS 5

Nanofabrication is a technology that enables nanodevice and nanoscience research. It refers to the fabricated structures in the dimension of below 100 nm. Their uses aren’t limited to semiconductor devices and circuits. This course will teach different techniques used in nanofabrication inclduing but not limited to  lithography, Ebeam, Ion Beam, FIB, RIE, and wet etching

PHOT 444     Photonics in Nanotechnologic Energy Applications  ( 3+0)3            ECTS 5

Energy terms, energy source, change, distribution, storage and usage, Nano effects as a Basis for Product Innovations, Potentials of Primary Energy Sources, Innovation Potentials along the Energy Value-Added Chain, Application Potentials in the Energy Sector, Practical Examples

 PHOT 445     Introduction to Quantum Optics                      ( 3+0)3            ECTS 5

Radiative transitions, photon statistics, coherent and squeezed states, quantization of light field, quantum states of light, atom-photon interaction (quantum and semi-classical theory), quantum gases, quantum information. Optical Background, Radiative Transitions in Atoms,  Photon Statistics, Photon Antibunching, Coherent States and Squeezed light, Quantization of Electromagnetic Field, Photon Number States, Resonant Light atom Interactions, Atoms in Cavities, Cold Atoms, Quantum Information Processing

PHOT 446     Atom Optics                                                            ( 3+0)3            ECTS 5

Overview of basic formalism and classification of atomic optics. Atoms in an external fields. Light forces on atoms. Light-matter interaction.  Atomic cooling and Bose-Einstein condensation. Atoms and electronic structure, Hyperfine Hamiltonian, Review of many-body theory, Atoms in an external magnetic field, Atoms in an external electric field, Interaction with light, Coherences, Light forces on atoms, Atomic cooling, Matter-wave coherence, Bose-Einstein condensation, Special problems

PHOT 447     Optical MEMS                                                        ( 3+0)3            ECTS 5

Optical MEMS for communication, imaging and sensing applications. Bio-micro and nano-photonics and optofluidics. Optical MEMS introduction, Optical scanners based on MEMS technology. Optical MEMS phased array, Optical MEMS for space applications, MEMS vibratory grating scanners, F-P filters and applications in spectrometers and gas sensing, Electrically and thermally activated optical MEMS mirror arrays, Optical resonators for biosensing, Terahertz MEMS metamaterials, Optofluidic devices and their applications, Implantable CMOS microphotonic devices, Microfluidic photocatalysis

PHOT 448     Silicon Photonics                                                    ( 3+0)3            ECTS 5

Passive and active devices, and integrated optics in silicon photonics. Simulation tools. Silicon, silicon-on-insulator, silicon nitride and silicon dioxide: basic optical properties, Waveguides, slab and ridge waveguides in silicon platform, Mode calculations in silicon platform, effective index method, Directional couplers, Y-branch, Mach Zehnder Interferometer, Ring resonators, Waveguide Bragg Grating Filters, Empirical models for fabricated gratings, Spiral and phase-shifted Bragg gratings, Optical input/output: grating couplers, edge couplers, Polarization dependence of waveguide coupling, Modulators, Modulators: plasma dispersion effect in silicon, p-n junction phase shifter, Electro-optical modulators

PHOT 449     Density Functional Theory for Photonics I       ( 3+0)3         ECTS 5

Density Functional Theory, Basic Solid State Physics, Basic Unix Codes for computation. What Is DFT? Total Energy, Cohesive Energy, Formation Energy, Thomas-Fermi Model

Hohenberg-Kohn Theorems, Ab Initio Methods, Pseudopotentials, LDA and GGA Approaches, Kohn-Sham Orbitals, Self-Consistent Calculations, Application: Structural Optimization, Application: Determination of Electronic Band Structure, Application: Determination of Dielectric Properties, Application: Computation of Optical Coefficients of Materials

PHOT 490     Research Project                                                         ( 3+0)3           ECTS 5

Guided literature review and research. Purpose driven practical laboratory work. Current experimental procedures. Teamwork and problem solving. Protocolling of laboratory research. Introduction of the research project subjects and selection, Literature Review, Introduction to Experimental Methods, Experimental Research, Submission of preliminary report to the lecturer – discussion of the report, Report Preparation